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A Comprehensive Guide to HIV and AIDS

 A Comprehensive Guide to HIV and AIDS 

  •  What's AIDS? 
  •  Early symptoms 
  •  Symptoms 
  •  Rash 
  •  In men 
  •  In women 
  •  AIDS symptoms 
  •  Transmission 
  •  Causes of HIV 
  •  Treatment 
  •  Medications 
  •  HIV and AIDS 
  •  Causes of AIDS 
  •  opinion 
  •  Window period 
  •  Prevention 
  •  Coping 
  •  Life expectation 
  •  Vaccine 
  •  Statistics 

 What's HIV? 

 HIV is a contagion that damages the vulnerable system. undressed HIV affects and kills CD4 cells, which are a type of vulnerable cell called T cell. 

 Over time, as HIV kills further CD4 cells, the body is more likely to get colorful types of conditions and cancers. 

  HIV is transmitted through fleshly fluids that include 


  •  blood 
  •  semen 
  •  vaginal and rectal fluids 
  •  bone milk 

 The contagion is n’t transferred in air or water, or through casual contact. 

 Because HIV inserts itself into the DNA of cells, it’s a lifelong condition and presently there’s no medicine that eliminates HIV from the body, although numerous scientists are working to find one. 

 still, with medical care, including treatment called antiretroviral remedy, it’s possible to manage HIV and live with the contagion for numerous times. 

  Without treatment, a person with HIV is likely to develop a serious condition called the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, known as AIDS. 

  At that point, the vulnerable system is too weak to successfully respond against other conditions, infections, and conditions. 

  undressed, life expectation with end stage AIDS is about 3 yearsTrusted Source. With antiretroviral remedy, HIV can be well- managed, and life expectation can be nearly the same as someone who has not contracted HIV. 

  It’s estimated that1.2 million Americans are presently living with HIV. Of those people, 1 in 7 do n’t know they've the contagion. 

 HIV can beget changes throughout the body. 

 Learn about the goods of HIV on the different systems in the body. 


 What's AIDS? 

 AIDS is a complaint that can develop in people with HIV. It’s the most advanced stage of HIV. But just because a person has HIV does n’t mean AIDS will develop. 

  HIV kills CD4 cells. Healthy grown-ups generally have a CD4 count of 500 to per boxy millimeter. A person with HIV whose CD4 count falls below 200 per boxy millimeter will be diagnosed with AIDS. 

  A person can also be diagnosed with AIDS if they've HIV and develop an opportunistic infection or cancer that’s rare in people who do n’t have HIV. 

 An opportunistic infection similar as Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia is one that only occurs in a oppressively immunocompromised person, similar as someone with advanced HIV infection( AIDS). 

 undressed, HIV can progress to AIDS within a decade. There’s presently no cure for AIDS, and without treatment, life expectation after opinion is about 3 yearsTrusted Source. 

 This may be shorter if the person develops a severe opportunistic illness. still, treatment with antiretroviral medicines can help AIDS from developing. 

 still, it means that the vulnerable system is oppressively compromised, that is, If AIDS does develop. 


 That makes the person living with AIDS vulnerable to a wide range of ails, including 


  •  pneumonia 
  •  tuberculosis 
  •  oral thrush, a fungal condition in the mouth or throat 
  •  cytomegalovirus( CMV), a type of herpes contagion 
  •  cryptococcal meningitis, a fungal condition in the brain 
  •  toxoplasmosis, a brain condition caused by a sponger 
  •  cryptosporidiosis, a condition caused by an intestinal sponger 
  •  cancer, including Kaposi sarcoma( KS) and carcinoma 

 The docked life expectation linked with undressed AIDS is n’t a direct result of the pattern itself. Rather, it’s a result of the conditions and complications that arise from having an vulnerable system weakened by AIDS. 

Early symptoms of HIV 

 The first many weeks after someone contracts HIV is called the acute infection stage. 
  During this time, the contagion reproduces fleetly. The person’s vulnerable system responds by producing HIV antibodies, which are proteins that take measures to respond against infection. 
 During this stage, some people have no symptoms at first. still, numerous people witness symptoms in the first month or so later contracting the contagion, but they frequently do n’t realize HIV causes those symptoms. 
 This is because symptoms of the acute stage can be veritably analogous to those of the flu or other seasonal contagions, similar as 
  •  they may be mild to severe 
  •  they may come and go 
  •  they may last anywhere from a many days to several weeks 
 Early symptoms of HIV can include 
  •  fever 
  •  chills 
  •  blown lymph bumps 
  •  general pangs and pains 
  •  skin rash 
  •  sore throat 
  •  headache 
  •  nausea 
  •  worried stomach 
 Because these symptoms are analogous to common ails like the flu, the person who has them might not suppose they need to see a healthcare provider. 
 And indeed if they do, their healthcare provider might suspect the flu or mononucleosis and might not indeed consider HIV. 
 Whether a person has symptoms or not, during this period their viral cargo is veritably high. The viral cargo is the quantum of HIV set up in the bloodstream. 
 A high viral cargo means that HIV can be fluently transmitted to someone differently during this time. 
 original HIV symptoms generally resolve within a many months as the person enters the habitual, or clinical quiescence, stage of HIV. This stage can last numerous times or indeed decades with treatment. 
 HIV symptoms can vary from person to person. 
 Learn further about the early symptoms of HIV. 
 What are the symptoms of HIV? 
 After the first month or so, HIV enters the clinical quiescence stage. This stage can last from a many times to a many decades. 
 Some people do n’t have any symptoms during this time, while others may have minimum or nonspecific symptoms. A nonspecific symptom is a symptom that does n’t pertain to one specific complaint or condition. 
 These nonspecific symptoms may include 
  •  headaches and other pangs and pains 
  •  blown lymph bumps 
  •  intermittent complications 
  •  night sweats 
  •  fatigue 
  •  nausea 
  •  vomiting 
  •  diarrhea 
  •  weight loss 
  •  skin rashes 
  •  intermittent oral or vaginal incentive infections 
  •  pneumonia 
  •  shingles 
 As with the early stage, HIV is still transmittable during this time indeed without symptoms and can be transmitted to another person. 
 still, a person wo n’t know they've HIV unless they gettested.However, it’s important that they get tested, If someone has these symptoms and thinks they may have been exposed to HIV. 
 HIV symptoms at this stage may come and go, or they may progress fleetly. This progression can be braked mainly with treatment. 
 With the harmonious use of this antiretroviral remedy, habitual HIV can last for decades and will probably not develop into AIDS, if treatment was started beforehand enough. 
 Learn further about how HIV symptoms can progress over time. 

 Is rash a symptom of HIV? 

 numerous people with HIV experience changes to their skin. Rash is frequently one of the first symptoms of an HIV infection. Generally, an HIV rash appears as multiple small red lesions that are flat and raised. 

 Rash related to HIV 

 HIV makes someone more susceptible to skin problems because the contagion destroys vulnerable system cells that take measures against infection. Co-infections that can beget gadarene include 
  •  molluscum contagiosum 
  •  herpes simplex 
  •  shingles 

 The cause of the rash determines 

  •  how it looks 
  •  how long it lasts 
  •  how it can be treated depends on the cause 
  •  Rash related to drug 
 While rash can be caused by HIVco-infections, it can also be caused by drug. Some medicines used to treat HIV or other conditions can beget a rash. 
 This type of rash generally appears within a week or 2 weeks of starting a new drug. occasionally the rash will clear up on itsown.However, a change in specifics may be demanded, If it does n’t. 

 Rash due to an antipathetic response to drug can be serious. 

 Other symptoms of an antipathetic response include 
  •  trouble breathing or swallowing 
  •  dizziness 
  •  fever 
 Stevens- Johnson pattern( SJS) is a rare antipathetic response to HIV drug. Symptoms include fever and lump of the face and lingo. A blistering rash, which can involve the skin and mucous membranes, appears and spreads snappily. 
 When 30 percentTrusted Source of the skin is affected, it’s called poisonous epidermal necrolysis, which is a life hanging condition.However, exigency medical care is demanded, If this develops. 
 While rash can be linked with HIV or HIV specifics, it’s important to keep in mind that rashes are common and can have numerous other causes. 
HIV symptoms in men Is there a difference? 
 Symptoms of HIV vary from person to person, but they ’re analogous in men and women. These symptoms can come and go or get precipitously worse. 
 still, they may also have been exposed to other sexually transmitted infections( STIs), If a person has been exposed to HIV. These include 
  •  gonorrhea 
  •  chlamydia 
  •  syphilis 
  •  trichomoniasis 
 Men, and those with a penis, may be more likely than women to notice symptoms of STIs similar as blisters on their genitals. still, men generally do n’t seek medical care as frequently as women. 
 Learn further about HIV symptoms in men. 

 HIV symptoms in women Is there a difference? 

 For the utmost part, symptoms of HIV are analogous in men and women. still, symptoms they witness overall may differ grounded on the different pitfalls men and women face if they've HIV. 
 Both men and women with HIV are at increased threat for STIs. still, women, and those with a vagina, may be less likely than men to notice small spots or other changes to their genitals. 
 In addition, women with HIV are at increased threat for 
  •  intermittent vaginal incentive infections 
  •  other vaginal infections, including bacterial vaginosis 
  •  pelvic seditious complaint( PID) 
  •  menstrual cycle changes 
 mortal papillomavirus( HPV), which can beget genital knobs and lead to cervical cancer 
 While not related to HIV symptoms, another threat for women with HIV is that the contagion can be transmitted to a baby during gestation. still, antiretroviral remedy is considered safe during gestation. 
 Women who are treated with antiretroviral remedy are at veritably low threat for transmitting HIV to their baby during gestation and delivery. Breastfeeding is also affected in women with HIV. The contagion can be transferred to a baby through bone milk. 
 In the United States and other settings where formula is accessible and safe, it’s recommended that women with HIV not breastfeed their babies. For these women, use of formula is encouraged. 
 Options besides formula include pasteurized banked mortal milk. 
 For women who may have been exposed to HIV, it’s important to know what symptoms to look for. 
 Learn further about HIV symptoms in women. 

 What are the symptoms of AIDS? 

 AIDS refers to acquired immunodeficiency pattern. With this condition, the vulnerable system is weakened due to HIV that’s generally gone undressed for numerous times. 
 still, a person will generally not develop AIDS, If HIV is set up and treated early with antiretroviral remedy. 
  People with HIV may develop AIDS if their HIV isn't diagnosed until late or if they know they've HIV but do n’t constantly take their antiretroviral remedy. 
 They may also develop AIDS if they've a type of HIV that’s resistant to( does n’t respond to) the antiretroviral treatment. 
 Without proper and harmonious treatment, people living with HIV can develop AIDS sooner. By that time, the vulnerable system is relatively damaged and has a harder time generating a response to infection and complaint. 
 With the use of antiretroviral remedy, a person can maintain a habitual HIV opinion without developing AIDS for decades. 

 Symptoms of AIDS can include 

  •  intermittent fever 
  •  habitual blown lymph glands, especially of the armpits, neck, and groin 
  •  habitual fatigue 
  •  night sweats 
  •  dark specks under the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids 
  •  blisters, spots, or lesions of the mouth and lingo, genitals, or anus 
  •  bumps, lesions, or rashes of the skin 
  •  intermittent or habitual diarrhea 
  •  rapid-fire weight loss 
  •  neurologic problems similar as trouble concentrating, memory loss, and confusion 
  •  anxiety and depression 
  •  Antiretroviral remedy controls the contagion and generally prevents progression to AIDS. Other infections and complications of AIDS can also be treated. That treatment must be acclimatized to the individual requirements of the person. 

 HIV transmission data 

 Anyone can contract HIV. The contagion is transmitted in fleshly fluids that include 
  •  blood 
  • semen 
  •  vaginal and rectal fluids 
  •  bone milk 
 Some of the ways HIV is transferred from person to person include 
  •  through vaginal or anal coitus — the most common route of transmission 
  •  by participating needles, hypes
  •  , and other particulars for injection medicine use 
  •  by participating tattoo outfit without altering it between uses 
  •  during gestation, labor, or delivery from a pregnant person to their baby 
  •  during breastfeeding 
  •  through “ premastication, ” or biting a baby’s food before feeding it to them 
  •  through exposure to the blood, semen, vaginal and rectal fluids, and bone milk of someone living with HIV, similar as through a needle stick 
  •  The contagion can also be transmitted through a blood transfusion or organ and towel transplant. still, rigorous testing for HIV among blood, organ, and towel benefactors ensures that this is veritably rare in the United States. 
 It’s theoretically possible, but considered extremely rare, for HIV to be transmitted through 
 oral coitus( only if there are bleeding epoxies or open blisters in the person’s mouth) 
 being stunk by a person with HIV( only if the slaver is bloody or there are open blisters in the person’s mouth) 
 contact between broken skin, injuries, or mucous membranes and the blood of someone living with HIV 

 HIV does NOT transfer through 

  •  skin- to- skin contact 
  •  hugging, shaking hands, or kissing 
  •  air or water 
  •  sharing food or drinks, including drinking cradles 
  •  slaver, gashes, or sweat( unless mixed with the blood of a person with HIV) 
  •  participating a restroom, apkins, or coverlet 
  •  mosquitoes or other insects 
 It’s important to note that if a person living with HIV is being treated and has a persistently undetectable viral cargo, it’s nearly insolvable to transmit the contagion to another person. 
Causes of HIV 
 HIV is a variation of a contagion that can be transmitted to African chimpanzees. Scientists suspect the simian immunodeficiency contagion( SIV) jumped from chimps to humans when people consumed chimpanzee meat containing the contagion. 
 Once inside the mortal population, the contagion shifted into what we now know as HIV. This likely passed as long ago as the 1920s. 
 HIV spread from person to person throughout Africa over the course of several decades. ultimately, the contagion migrated to other corridor of the world. Scientists first discovered HIV in a mortal blood sample in 1959. 
 It’s study that HIV has was in the United States since the 1970s, but it did n’t start to hit public knowledge until the 1980s. 
 Learn further about the history of HIV and AIDS in the United States. 

 Treatment options for HIV 

 Treatment should begin as soon as possible after a opinion of HIV, anyhow of viral cargo. 
 The main treatment for HIV is antiretroviral remedy, a combination of diurnal specifics that stop the contagion from reproducing. This helps cover CD4 cells, keeping the vulnerable system strong enough to take measures against complaint.  Antiretroviral remedy helps keep HIV from progressing to AIDS. It also helps reduce the threat of transmitting HIV to others. 
 When treatment is effective, the viral cargo will be “ undetectable. ” The person still has HIV, but the contagion isn't visible in test results. still, the contagion is still in the body. And if that person stops taking antiretroviral remedy, the viral cargo will increase again, and the HIV can again start attacking CD4 cells. 
 Learn further about how HIV treatments work. 

 HIV specifics 

 numerous antiretroviral remedy specifics are approved to treat HIV. They work to help HIV from reproducing and destroying CD4 cells, which help the vulnerable system induce a response to infection. This helps reduce the threat of developing complications related to HIV, as well as transmitting the contagion to others. 
 These antiretroviral specifics are grouped into seven classes 
  •  nucleoside rear transcriptase impediments( NRTIs) 
  • non-nucleoside rear transcriptase impediments( NNRTIs) 
  •  protease impediments 
  •  emulsion impediments 
  •  CCR5 antagonists, also known as entry impediments 
  •  integrase beachfront transfer impediments 
  •  attachment impediments 

 Treatment rules 

 TheU.S. Department of Health and Human Services( HHS) generally recommends a starting authority of three HIV specifics from at least two of these medicine classes. This combination helps help HIV from forming resistance to specifics.( Resistance means the medicine no longer works to treat the contagion.) numerous of the antiretroviral specifics are combined with others so that a person with HIV generally takes only one or two capsules a day. 
A healthcare provider will help a person with HIV choose a authority grounded on their overall health and particular circumstances. These specifics must be taken every day, exactly asprescribed.However, viral resistance can develop, and a new authority may be demanded, If they ’re not taken meetly. 
 Blood testing will help determine if the authority is working to keep the viral cargo down and the CD4 countup.However, the person’s healthcare provider will switch them to a different authority that’s more effective, If an antiretroviral remedy authority is n’t working. 

 Side goods and costs 

 Side goods of antiretroviral remedy vary and may include nausea, headache, and dizziness. These symptoms are frequently temporary and vanish with time. Serious side goods can include lump of the mouth and lingo and liver or orderdamage.However, the specifics can be acclimated, If side goods are severe. Costs for antiretroviral remedy vary according to geographic position and type of insurance content. Some pharmaceutical companies have backing programs to help lower the cost. 
 Learn further about the medicines used to treat HIV. 

 HIV and AIDS What’s the connection? 

 To develop AIDS, a person has to have contracted HIV. But having HIV does n’t inescapably mean that someone will develop AIDS. 
 Cases of HIV progress through three stages 

  •  stage 1 acute stage, the first many weeks after transmission 
  •  stage 2 clinical quiescence, or habitual stage 
  •  stage 3 AIDS 

 As HIV lowers the CD4 cell count, the vulnerable system weakens. A typical grown-up’s CD4 count is 500 to per boxy millimeter. A person with a count below 200 is considered to have AIDS. 

 How snappily a case of HIV progresses through the habitual stage varies significantly from person to person. Without treatment, it can last up to a decade before advancing to AIDS. With treatment, it can last indefinitely. There’s presently no cure for HIV, but it can be managed. People with HIV frequently have a near-normal lifetime with early treatment with antiretroviral remedy. 
 Along those same lines, there’s technically no cure for AIDS presently. still, treatment can increase a person’s CD4 count to the point where they ’re considered to no longer have AIDS.( This point is a count of 200 or advanced.) 
 Also, treatment can generally help manage opportunistic infections. 
 HIV and AIDS are related, but they ’re not the same thing. 
 Learn further about the difference between HIV and AIDS. 
Causes of AIDS 

 AIDS is caused by HIV. A person ca n’t get AIDS if they have n’t contracted HIV. 

 Healthy individualities have a CD4 count of 500 to per boxy millimeter. Without treatment, HIV continues to multiply and destroy CD4cells.However, they've AIDS, If a person’s CD4 count falls below 200.  Also, if someone with HIV develops an opportunistic infection associated with HIV, they can still be diagnosed with AIDS, indeed if their CD4 count is above 200. 

 What tests are used to diagnose HIV? 

Several different tests can be used to diagnose HIV. Healthcare providers determine which test is stylish for each person. 
 Antibody/ antigen tests 
 Antibody/ antigen tests are the most generally used tests. They can show positive results generally within 18 – 45 daysTrusted Source after someone originally contracts HIV. 

 These tests check the blood for antibodies and antigens. An antibody is a type of protein the body makes to respond to an infection. An antigen, on the other hand, is the part of the contagion that activates the vulnerable system. 
 Antibody tests 
These tests check the blood solely for antibodies. Between 23 and 90 daysTrusted Source after transmission, utmost people will develop sensible HIV antibodies, which can be set up in the blood or slaver. 
 These tests are done using blood tests or mouth hearties, and there’s no medication necessary. Some tests give results in 30 twinkles or lower and can be performed in a healthcare provider’s office or clinic. 
 Other antibody tests can be done at home 
 OraQuick HIV Test. An oral tar provides results in as little as 20 twinkles. 
 Home Access HIV- 1 Test System. After the person pricks their cutlet, they shoot a blood sample to a certified laboratory. They can remain anonymous and call for results the coming business day. 
 Still, they should repeat the test in 3 months, If someone suspects they ’ve been exposed to HIV but tested negative in a hometest.However, they should follow up with their healthcare provider to confirm, If they've a positive result. 

 Nucleic acid test( NAT) 

 This precious test is n’t used for general webbing. It’s for people who have early symptoms of HIV or have a known threat factor. This test does n’t look for antibodies; it looks for the contagion itself. 
It takes from 5 to 21 days for HIV to be sensible in the blood. This test is generally accompanied or verified by an antibody test. 
  moment, it’s easier than ever to get tested for HIV. 
Learn further about HIV home testing options. 

 What’s the HIV window period? 

As soon as someone contracts HIV, it starts to reproduce in their body. The person’s vulnerable system reacts to the antigens( corridor of the contagion) by producing antibodies( cells that take countermeasures against the contagion). 
 The time between exposure to HIV and when it becomes sensible in the blood is called the HIV window period. utmost people develop sensible HIV antibodies within 23 to 90 days after transmission. Still, it’s likely they ’ll admit a negative result, If a person takes an HIV test during the window period. still, they can still transmit the contagion to others during this time. 
 still, they should repeat the test in a many months to confirm( the timing depends on the test used), If someone thinks they may have been exposed to HIV but tested negative during this time. And during that time, they need to use condoms or other hedge styles to help conceivably spreading HIV. 
Someone who tests negative during the window might profit frompost-exposure prophylaxis( vim). This is drug taken after an exposure to help getting HIV. 
 vim needs to be taken as soon as possible after the exposure; it should be taken no latterly than 72 hours after exposure but immaculately ahead also. 
Another way to help getting HIV ispre-exposure prophylaxis( PrEP). A combination of HIV medicines taken before implicit exposure to HIV, PrEP can lower the threat of constricting or transmitting HIV when taken constantly. 
 Timing is important when testing for HIV. 
 Learn Further about how timing affects HIV test results. 

 HIV forestallment 

Although numerous experimenters are working to develop one, there’s presently no vaccine available to help the transmission of HIV. still, taking certain way can help help the transmission of HIV. 

 Safer coitus 

 The most common way for HIV to be transferred is through anal or vaginal coitus without a condom or other hedge system. This threat ca n’t be fully excluded unless coitus is avoided entirely, but the threat can be lowered vastly by taking a many preventives. 

 A person concerned about their threat for HIV should 

 Get tested for HIV. It’s important they learn their status and that of their mate. 
 Get tested for other sexually transmitted infections( STIs). still, they should get it treated, because having an STI increases the threat of constricting HIV, If they test positive for one. 
 Use condoms. They should learn the correct way to use condoms and use them every time they've coitus, whether it’s through vaginal or anal intercourse. It’s important to keep in mind thatpre-seminal fluids( which come out before manly interjection) can contain HIV. 
 Take their specifics as directed if they've HIV. This lowers the threat of transmitting the contagion to their sexual mate. 
 Protect for condoms online. 

 Other forestallment styles 

 Other way to help help the spread of HIV include 
 Avoid participating needles or other paraphernalia. HIV is transmitted through blood and can be contracted by using accoutrements that have come in contact with the blood of someone who has HIV. 
 Consider vim. A person who has been exposed to HIV should communicate their healthcare provider about carryingpost-exposure prophylaxis( vim). vim can reduce the threat of constricting HIV. It consists of three antiretroviral specifics given for 28 days. vim should be started as soon as possible after exposure but before 36 to 72 hours have passed. 
 Consider PrEP. A person has a advanced chance of constricting HIV should talk to their healthcare provider aboutpre-exposure prophylaxis( PrEP). still, it can lower the threat of acquiring HIV, If taken constantly. PrEP is a combination of two medicines available in lozenge form. 
 Healthcare providers can offer further information on these and other ways to help the spread of HIV. 
 Check then for further information on STI forestallment. 
 Living with HIV What to anticipate and tips for managing 
 further than1.2 million people in the United States are living with HIV. It’s different for everybody, but with treatment, numerous can anticipate to live a long, productive life. 
 The most important thing is to start antiretroviral treatment as soon as possible. By taking specifics exactly as specified, people living with HIV can keep their viral cargo low and their vulnerable system strong. 
 It’s also important to follow up with a healthcare provider regularly. 
 Other ways people living with HIV can ameliorate their health include 
 Make their health their top precedence. Steps to help people living with HIV feel their stylish include 
 fueling their body with a well- balanced diet 
 exercising regularly 
 getting plenitude of rest 
 avoiding tobacco and other medicines 
 reporting any new symptoms to their healthcare provider right down 
 Focus on their internal health. They could consider seeing a certified therapist who's endured in treating people with HIV. 
 Use safer coitus practices. Talk to their sexual mate( s). Get tested for other STIs. And use condoms and other hedge styles every time they've vaginal or anal coitus. 
 Talk to their healthcare provider about PrEP and vim. When used constantly by a person without HIV,pre-exposure prophylaxis( PrEP) andpost-exposure prophylaxis( vim) can lower the chances of transmission. PrEP is most frequently recommended for people without HIV in connections with people with HIV, but it can be used in other situations as well. Online sources for chancing a PrEP provider include PrEP Locator and PleasePrEPMe. 
 compass themselves with favored bones
 . When first telling people about their opinion, they can start slow by telling someone who can maintain their confidence. They may want to choose someone who wo n’t judge them and who'll support them in minding for their health. 
 Get support. They can join an HIV support group, either in person or online, so they can meet with others who face the same enterprises they have. Their healthcare provider can also steer them toward a variety of coffers in their area. 
 There are numerous ways to get the most out of life when living with HIV. 
 Hear some real stories of people living with HIV. 

 HIV life expectation Know the data 

 In the 1990s, a 20- time-old person with HIV had a 19- time life expectancyTrusted Source. By 2011, a 20- time-old person with HIV could anticipate to live another 53 times. 
 It’s a dramatic enhancement, due in large part to antiretroviral remedy. With proper treatment, numerous people with HIV can anticipate a normal or near-normal lifetime. 
 Of course, numerous effects affect life expectation for a person with HIV. Among them are 
  •  CD4 cell count 
  •  viral cargo 
  •  serious HIV- related ails, including hepatitis 
  •  misusing medicines 
  •  smoking 
  •  access, adherence, and response to treatment 
  •  other health conditions 
  •  age 
 Where a person lives also matters. People in the United States and other advanced countries may be more likely to have access to antiretroviral remedy. 
 harmonious use of these medicines helps help HIV from progressing to AIDS. When HIV advances to AIDS, life expectation without treatment is about 3 yearsTrusted Source. 
 In 2017, about20.9 million peopleTrusted Source living with HIV were using antiretroviral remedy. 
 Life expectation statistics are just general guidelines. People living with HIV should talk to their healthcare provider to learn further about what they can anticipate. 

 Learn further about life expectation and long- term outlook with HIV. 

 Is there a vaccine for HIV? 

 presently, there are no vaccines to help or treat HIV. Research and testing on experimental vaccines are ongoing, but none are close to being approved for general use. 
 HIV is a complicated contagion. It mutates( changes) fleetly and is frequently suitable to forfend off vulnerable system responses. Only a small number of people who have HIV develop astronomically negativing antibodies, the kind of antibodies that can respond to a range of HIV strains. 
 The first HIV vaccine efficacity study in 7 times was underway in South Africa in 2016. The experimental vaccine is an streamlined interpretation of one used in a 2009 trial that took place in Thailand. 
 A3.5- time follow- up after vaccination showed the vaccine was31.2 percent effective in precluding HIV transmission. 
 The study involves men and women from South Africa. In 2016 in South Africa, about peopleTrusted Source contracted HIV. The results of the study are anticipated in 2021. 
 Other late- stage, transnational vaccine clinical trials are also presently underway. 
 Other exploration into an HIV vaccine is also ongoing. 
 While there’s still no vaccine to help HIV, people with HIV can profit from other vaccines to help HIV- related ails. Then are the CDC recommendations 
 pneumonia recommendedTrusted Source for all children youngish than 2 and all grown-ups 65 and aged 
 influenza recommendedTrusted Source for all people over 6 months old annually with rare exceptions 
 hepatitis A and B ask your croaker
 if you should get vaccinated for hepatitis A and B, especially if you're in a advanced threat groupTrusted Source 
 meningitis the meningococcal conjugate vaccination is recommendedTrusted Source for all preteens and teens at 11 to 12 times old with a supporter cure at 16, or anyone at threat. The serogroup B meningococcal vaccination is recommended for anyone 10 times or aged with increased threat. 
 shingles recommendedTrusted Source for those periods 50 or aged 
HIV statistics 

 Then are moment’s HIV figures 

 In 2019, about 38 million people worldwide were living with HIV. Of those,1.8 million were children below the age 15 times. At the end of 2019,25.4 million people living with HIV were using antiretroviral remedy. Since the epidemic began,75.7 million people have contracted HIV, and AIDS- related complications have claimed32.7 million lives. 

 In 2019, people failed from AIDS- related conditions. This is a decline from1.9 million in 2005. 
 Eastern and Southern Africa are the hardest hit. In 2019,20.7 million people in these areas were living with HIV, and further contracted the contagion. The region has further than half of all people living with HIV worldwide.

 Adult and adolescent women reckoned for 19 percent of new HIV judgments in the United States in 2018. nearly half of all new cases do in African Americans. Left undressed, a woman with HIV has a 15 – 45 percentTrusted Source chance of passing HIV to her baby during gestation or breastfeeding. With antiretroviral remedy throughout gestation and avoidance of breastfeeding, the threat is lower than 5 percentTrusted Source. 

 In the 1990s, a 20- time-old person with HIV had a life expectancyTrusted Source of 19 times. By 2011, it had bettered to 53 times. moment, life expectation is near normalTrusted Source if antiretroviral remedy is started soon after contracting HIV. 
 As access to antiretroviral remedy continues to ameliorate around the world, these statistics will hopefully keep changing. 

 Learn further statistics about HIV. 


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