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What exactly is polio

What exactly is polio?
polio Virus

What exactly is polio?


  • Poliomyelitis, sometimes known as polio, is a debilitating and potentially fatal disease caused by the polio virus.
  • The virus transmits from person to person and can infect a person's spinal cord, resulting in paralysis (inability to move bodily parts).

Symptoms

 The majority of people infected with polio virus (about 72 out of 100) exhibit no visible symptoms.
Approximately one in every four people (or one in every 100) infected with the polio virus will experience flu-like symptoms, which may include:

  • Throat irritation
  • Fever
  • Tiredness
  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • stomach ache

Symptoms normally persist 2 to 5 days before disappearing on their own.

With polio virus infection, a lesser percentage of persons (less than one out of 100, or 1-5 out of 1000) will develop other, more serious symptoms affecting the brain and spinal cord:
  • Paresthesia is a type of anaesthesia that occurs (feeling of pins and needles in the legs)
  • In around 1 out of every 25 people infected with the polio virus, meningitis (infection of the covering of the spinal cord and/or brain) develops.
  • In around 1 out of every 200 people infected with the polio virus, paralysis (inability to move portions of the body) or weakness in the arms, legs, or both occurs.
The most serious symptom of polio is paralysis, which can result in permanent disability and death. Because the virus damages the muscles that help people breathe, between 2 and 10 people out of 100 who are paralysed by polio virus infection die.

Even children who appear to have recovered completely can have new muscle discomfort, weakness, or paralysis 15 to 40 years later as adults. The condition is known as post-polio syndrome.

It's worth noting that "poliomyelitis" (or "polio" for short) is a paralytic disease. As a result, only those who have contracted the paralytic infection are regarded to be infected.

Poliomyelitis (poliomyelitis) is (OPHPR)

Polio is a disease that has existed since ancient times. A man with a withered leg is depicted in this ancient Egyptian tomb painting, unable to bear weight without the assistance of a walking staff. This means that the majority of muscle fibres are permanently replaced by scarring (muscle wasting).


If a kid or young adult had polio as a child or young adult and preserved or recovered some or all movement of weakened arms or legs, even to the point of being sporty afterward, they risk getting weaker in late age. That's post-polio syndrome (PPS), a disorder that can strike polio survivors decades after they've recovered from the virus. Some PPS patients who were not previously wheelchair-bound become so.

Transmission

  • Polio virus is very contagious and spreads through direct contact between people.
  • It resides in the throat and intestines of affected people.
  • Polio virus is a virus that exclusively affects individuals. It enters the body via the mouth and spreads to the following organs:
  • Contact with an infected person's excrement (poop)
  • Droplets from an infected person's sneeze or cough (less common)
  • The polio virus can infect you if you:
  • You touch your mouth after picking up small fragments of poo on your hands.
  • You put feces-contaminated objects in your mouth, such as toys.
  • Before and up to two weeks after symptoms show, an infected individual can transfer the virus to others.
  • The virus can survive for weeks in the faeces of an infected individual. In unhygienic settings, it can contaminate food and water.
  • Even if they don't show any symptoms, people might spread the virus and make others sick.
  • IPV (inactivated polio virus vaccination) is administered as an injection into the patient's leg or arm, depending on their age. Since 2000, only IPV has been utilised in the United States.
  • The oral polio virus vaccine (OPV) is still widely used in many parts of the world.
Children are protected by the polio vaccine because it prepares their bodies to resist the polio virus. Almost all youngsters (99 to 100 out of 100) will be protected from polio if they receive all of the necessary doses of the inactivated polio vaccine.

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